Andhra Pradesh Bifurcation-Hyderabad Issue: Union Territories with Special Status
Congress working committee cleared the formation of Telangana state and is preparing the cabinet note. The delay in finalising the cabinet note seems to be the issue of Hyderabad. There are proposals to make Hyderabad union territory with special status.
Hyderabad: Congress working committee took the decision of bifurcating Andhra Pradesh state. There are different proposals on the status to be given to Hyderabad. The main proposals are to make Hyderabad a union territory, the second is to make it a union territory and give a special status to it. There are seven union territories in India. But the status given to Delhi, Chandigarh and Puducherry is different.
New Delhi: Delhi is the capital city of India. This is also a union territory and has the status of State. Delhi is announced as National Capital Territory of India. Bhagpat, Gurgaon, Sonepat, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Noida, Greater Noida and few other places fall under Delhi. Special status was given to Delhi in 1991 by amending constitution. Though technically Delhi is a union territory, administration is similar to other states in India. There are 70 assembly seats in Delhi. Lieutenant governor is the head of Delhi on behalf of central government. SCT has nine districts.
Chandigarh: Chandigarh is also a union territory. It is also the common capital of Punjab and Haryana states. High courts of both the states, secretariats, assembly buildings and other government offices are in Chandigarh. Punjab and Haryana states were formed in 1966 and it was announced that Chandigarh will be capital for both the states for 10 years. Chandigarh was also given the UT status then. After ten years, Chandigarh was to belong to Punjab. But after all these years also Chandigarh remained a state and the administration of central government is continuing there. Mayor and Corporators are also elected by people in Chandigarh.
Puducherry: Puducherry is also a union territory similar to Delhi. It has only four districts. Two districts near Tamil Nadu – Puducherry and Karaikal. One is adjacent to Andhra Pradesh which is Yanam and Mahe near Kerala. As per the agreement made with France government, Puducherry is given the union territory status. It has its own chief minister, ministers and MLAs. Assembly can also make bills that these have to be approved by central government. Lieutenant governor supervises the governance on behalf of central government.